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Sakai city


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History

Year Event
? Numerous stone tools are discovered at the Minamihanada site.
? Stone tools and earthenware from the Jomon period are discovered at sites in Yotsuike and Kusabe.
? Earthenware and dugout house remains are discovered at the Yotsuike site.
Ceremonial bell-shaped bronze vessels are discovered near Hamaderashowa-cho, Shimoda-cho, Takao, Ebaraji-cho, and Tokikita.
? The name "Sue-mura" ("Sue Village") appears in the Nihonshoki, one of Japan's earliest historical works.
Nintoku-tenno-ryo Kofun, Richu-tenno-ryo Kofun, and other burial mounds are constructed.
Large numbers of Sueki-style earthenware are manufactured at Sue-mura.
646 The Taika Reform is promulgated by imperial edict.
Sakai becomes part of the ancient provinces of Settsu and Kawachi.
704 The Buddhist monk Gyoki founds Ebaraji Temple.
716 Izumigen is created from Otori, Izumi, and Hine-gun.
727 Construction of the earthen pagoda at Onodera Temple begins.
740 Otori, Izumi, and Hine-gun are absorbed by the ancient province of Kawachi.
757 The ancient kingdom of Izumi is created from Otori, Izumi, and Hine-gun.
935 The name "Ishizu" appears in Ki-no-Tsurayuki's Tosa Diary.
1045 By this year, the name "Sakai" appears in collections of Fujiwara Sadayori's poetry.
1081 The name "Sakai-no-Kodo" appears in Fujiwara Tamefusa's diary.
1234 After being determined to be part of Kitasho in the ancient province of Settsu, Sakai-so ("Sakai Manor") is transferred from Fukakusanoin to Eifukumonin. However, it continues to serve Henjokoin.
1258 Sakai-so ("Sakai Manor"), part of the domain of Saishokouin Temple in the ancient province of Settsu, begins collecting a land tax.
? Sakurai Shrine's hall of worship (a national treasure) is completed.
1325 Sakaikita-so ("Sakaikita Manor") is recorded as belonging to the domain of Saishokouin Temple.
1336 Sakaikita-so ("Sakaikita Manor") is transferred to the domain of Sumiyoshi Shrine.
1338 Kitabatake Akiie is killed in fighting in Ishizu.
1399 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu attacks Sakai's Ouchi Yoshihiro.
Tradition holds that 10,000 homes in Sakai burn to the ground.
1474 Merchants from Sakai travel to the Ryukyu islands under orders from the shogunate.
1476 A ship carrying merchants from Sakai departs for Ming dynasty China.
? A group of wealthy merchants known as the kaigoshu assume control of the city's government.
1550 Christian missionary Francis Xavier visits Sakai.
1564 Christian missionary Luis Frois visits Sakai.
1568 Oda Nobunaga levies a war tax of 20,000 kan on the city. The kaigoshu refuse but are soon forced to relent.
1577 Oda Nobunaga inspects Sakai.
1586 Toyotomi Hideyoshi fills in the moats around Sakai.
1600 Tokugawa Ieyasu establishes a magistrate's office in Sakai.
The Dutch ship Deliefde visits Sakai.
1604 The shogunate authorizes merchants in Sakai to undertake sea voyages for purposes of trade.
? Tokugawa Ieyasu and Toyotomi Hideyori both order guns from Sakai craftsmen.
1615 Sakai burns to the ground in the Osaka summer battle.
1704 The Shinyamatogawa River is created.
? New rice paddies are developed at a fast rate.
? The cutlery industry begins to flourish in Sakai.
1810 The Port of Sakai is rebuilt (currently the Old Port of Sakai).
Year Event
1868 Sakai Prefecture is created.
1877 The Western-style wooden lighthouse at Ohama is constructed.
  Sakai Prefecture
Sakai Prefecture continues to expand with a series of mergers. At its height, the prefecture includes most of what is now eastern and southern Osaka Prefecture as well as Nara Prefecture.
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1881 Sakai Prefecture is absorbed into Osaka Prefecture.
1885 Service begins between Nanba (Osaka) and Yamatogawa on the Hankai Railroad (currently the Nankai Line), Japan's first private railway.
1888 Service begins between Yamatogawa and Azumabashi (currently Sakai Station) on the Hankai Railroad (currently the Nankai Line).
1889 Sakai establishes a municipal system. The first City Council meets at Shukuin Elementary School.
1895

The city emblem is adopted combining three of the Japanese characters for "city", symbolizing Sakai's location at the borders of the three ancient kingdoms of Settsu, Kawachi, and Izumi.
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1898 Service begins between Oshoji (currently Sakaihigashi Station) and Nagano on the Koya Railroad (currently the Nankaikoya Line).
1903 The acquarium is completed in Ohama.
1912 The Hankai Railroad (currently the Hankai Line) is completed.
1913 Ohama Shioyu opens and becomes popular for its girls' opera.
1920 Japan's first national census is completed (Sakai's population numbers 84,995).
1922 Flight service begins between Sakai and Shikoku, the first private aviation in Japan.
1929 Service begins between Tennnoji and Izumifuchu on the Hanwa Railroad (currently the Hanwa Line).
1934 Sakai is seriously damaged in the Murato typhoon.
? Old National Route 26 and the Osaka-Izumi-Sennan Line are completed.
1944 Ohama Shioyu is closed.
1945 Most of downtown area burns to the ground in air raids.
1958 Construction begins on Sakai coastal industrial zone.
1961 Aquarium is closed.
1966 Construction of the Semboku New Town begins.
1967 Friendship City affiliation is established between Sakai and Berkeley,California.
1977 Service begins between Nakamozu and Komyoike on the Semboku-Kosoku Line.
1983 Friendship City affiliation is established between Sakai and Lianyungang,China
1989 Sakai celebrates the city's centenary.
The Holland Festival '89 is held in Osaka ("Da-ha Land").
1994 Friendship City affiliation is established between Sakai and Wellington, New Zealand.
1996 Sakai becomes a core urban city.
2000 The World Performing Arts Festival ("Washoi! 2000") is held in Sakai.
2006 Sakai becomes a designated city by ordinance, the classification that affords the greatest degree of local autonomy within Japan's system of government.


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